Archaeology and the Bible

 

This unit is ©Copyright 2004, 2008, 2010, 2017 by Cindy Downes. All rights reserved. Permission is given to homeschooling parents to use these units free of charge in their own homeschool only. These units may not be reprinted in any other form, for any other purpose (commercial or otherwise) without permission from Cindy Downes. Contact her at cindy@oklahomahomeschool.com.

Index and Recommended Lesson Plan:

Directions:

This unit has been designed to be completed in eighteen weeks, covering two, 1 - 3 hour lessons per week. For a shorter study, customize the unit to the length you desire by choosing how much material you cover and how long you take to cover it. More than enough materials is suggested so that you can pick and choose what will work for your family. Read over General Directions for Cindy's Unit Studies for more information. For help in this area, The Checklist includes a list of major concepts generally covered for each topic, a list of major scientists/inventors relative to the topic, and a list of pertinent terminology. (Free sample)

NOTE: Archaeology are anthropologists, meaning they study old things, old sites, and investigate how people lived in the past. A geologist studies rocks and minerals and a paleontologist studies dinosaurs.

Unit Project Suggestion:

Create a notebook for the unit. Include drawings/sketches of the topic studied, biographical sketches of important inventors/scientists (if appropriate), a dictionary of important terms, a timeline study of important events (if applicable), copies or photos of worksheets, composition projects, crafts, lab work, and/or other hands-on projects related to the unit. Follow up with a review lesson and quizzes, if desired. At the end of each year, select a representative sample and place in your child's portfolio.

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Recommended Resources: Buy Used from Amazon or Purchase at Local Education Stores.

After reviewing The Archaeology Book (Wonders of Creation Series) by David Down, I realized this would be a great addition to this Archaeology unit study, as well as the other Ancient History unit studies on this Website. The book is suitable for family reading or grades 4th+

Archaeology, Digging Deeper to Learn About the Past (DDLAP) by Judith Cochran. Incentive Pub. 1999. Excellent resource. Mandatory for this unit. ISBN 086530436X. 4th+, As a unit study, all ages. Used Copies are sometimes available on Amazon.

Exploring Ancient Cities of the Bible (EACOTB) by Michael Carroll. 2001. This is an excellent introduction to Archaeology for Christian students. It covers what an archaeologist is, underwater archaeology, space-age archaeology, how artifacts are dated, and information about ancient cultures such as Israel, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Babylon, Rome, and more. Very nice, colorful, visuals make it a great read-aloud for almost all ages. Unfortunately, it's out of print. Check for used copies. 48 pgs. 4th+

Biblical Archaeology Review. Subscribe to their magazine for lots of archaeology information from a Christian perspective.

Practical Archaeology: A Step-by-Step Guide to Uncovering the Past: A comprehensive illustrated handbook for the keen amateur and new student by Christopher Catling.

Hands On Archaeology. Lots of fun activities using everyday materials! All ages.

Archaeology Thematic Unit (ATU) by TCM. You will save a portion of this book for the Ancient Mesopotamia Unit. Books recommended in this book: The Usborne Young Scientist: Archaeology by Barbara Cork and Dig This! How Archaeologists Uncover Our Past by Michael Avi-Yonah. However, these are not necessary for this unit. ISBN 1557342962. 4th+

Remembering God's Awesome Acts by Susan Mortimer. This is an excellent resource for those of you who want a more intense unit. Recommended for 2nd grade and up. ISBN 9781931292511. 2-12.

Optional Archaeological Kits. Choose any that appeal to you and your children. These are not required but will make your unit much more fun!

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Archaeology and the Bible (1 week):

Reading:

  • Read Archaeology and the Bible from Century One Foundation. 5th+
  • Read Archaeology and the Bible from Christian Answers. K-6+
  • Read The Archaeology Book, pages 84-93.
  • If you have Exploring Ancient Cities of the Bible:
    • Read pgs. 8-13, EACOTB, Old Testament Discoveries
    • Read pgs. 14-17, EACOTB, Egypt
    • Read pgs. 18-20, EACOTB, Mesopotamia
    • Read pgs. 21-22, EACOTB, Babylonia Empire
    • Read pgs. 23, EACOTB, Assyrian Empire
    • Read pgs. 24, EACOTB, Persian Empire
    • Read pgs. 26-27, EACOTB, Weapons and Warfare in the Old Testament
    • Read pgs. 28-29, EACOTB, Old Testament Mysteries
    • Read pgs. 30-36, EACOTB, New Testament Discoveries
    • Read pgs. 37-39, EACOTB, Roman Empire
    • Read pgs. 40-41, EACOTB, New Testament Greece
    • Read pgs. 42, EACOTB, New Testament Mysteries

Activities:

  • Composition: Choose a topic from page 22, 44 or 71, ATU
  • Art Project: Choose from Archaeological Art Activities, page 21 or Ancient Art Projects, page 40, ATU
  • From The Checklist, add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms, Page 23 of The Checklist.
  • Just for fun, watch Indiana Jones, Raiders of the Lost Ark, PG-13. Rent.

Internet Research and/or Activities :

  • Read about an archaeological hoax & discuss how a Christian should view archaeological finds that “prove” evolution.
  • The Israel Museum. View the 2,000-year-old Isaiah scroll close up! Examine a model of the temple. Interactive. Click on Model of Jerusalem to get started.
  • Ancient Mesopotamia.
  • A good resource for learning about Biblical history is The Jerusalem Archaeological Park. View 3-D models of temples, use a timeline to locate a time period in which you are interested, take a tour of the Temple Mount and MORE!
  • Dead Sea Scrolls. The who, what, where, when and how.
  • Bible Walks - Images and Information about the land of the Bible.

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What is Archaeology? (3 weeks)

Reading Suggestions:

  • Watch Video:

 

Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vj-Oq8vk3N4

  • Read Diggin' Up the Facts About Archaeology.
  • Read The Archaeology Book, pages 6-19.
  • Read Archaeology 101 from the Archaeological Institute of America.
  • Read pgs. 4-5, Exploring Ancient Cities of the Bible (EACOTB)
  • Read pgs. 8-10 of DDLAP, Discovering Aspects of Ancient Life through Artifacts
  • Read pgs. 17-23 of DDLAP, Deciphering Ancient Writing
  • Read pgs. 28-31 of DDLAP, Historian Accounts
  • Read pgs. 34-39 of DDLAP, Learning from Ancient Art
  • Read pgs. 41-43 of DDLAP, Time Capsules: Sites Frozen in Time

Activities:

  • Greek Vase Painting Project from Archaeological Institute of America.
  • Play the Experiment in the Iron Age Game.
  • Locus Sheet, page 10-11 & 111, DDLAP
  • Deciphering Ancient Writing Activity, page 24 & 114, DDLAP
  • Original Rosetta Stone Activity, page 24 & 115, DDLAP
  • Extensions as desired, page 25-27, DDLAP
  • Make a Scroll and Be a Historian Activity, page 31 & 116, DDLAP
  • Extensions as desired, page 33, DDLAP
  • Interpreting Ancient Art Activity, page 39 & 117, DDLAP
  • Research Art from a Significant Culture Activity, page 40 & 118, DDLAP
  • A Site Frozen in Time Activity, page 44 & 119, DDLAP
  • Time Capsule Interpretation Activity, page 44 & 119 & 120, DDLAP
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.
  • Composition: Choose a topic from page 22, 44 or 71, ATU
  • Worksheet: What is Archaeology?

Internet Research and/or Activities :

Video Recommendations:

  • Bill Nye the Science Guy: Archaeology [videorecording]. Published Elk Grove Village, Ill. : Disney Educational Productions, 1996. Check your library or purchase from libraryvideo.com

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Artifacts (3 weeks):

Reading Suggestions:

Internet Research and/or Activities:

  • Pottery Types in various archaeological periods. Chart. All ages.
  • Watch this video about artifacts:

 

Link: http://got.im/WCq

Activities:

  • Greek Pot Painter.
  • Artifacts Bingo.
  • Can you find the artifacts and other activities from San Diego Archaeological Center.
  • Which Artifacts Tell Your Story? Activity page 47 & 121, DDLAP.
  • Extensions as desired, page 48, DDLAP
  • My Stratified Life Activity, page 51 & 122, DDLAP
  • Extension, Stratified Collage, page 51, DDLAP
  • Play Stratigraphy Game.
  • How Artifacts are Preserved Activity, page 57 & 123, DDLAP
  • Modern Day Equivalent Activity, page 63 & 125-127, DDLAP
  • Play Memory Game.
  • Composition. Using my blank thematic paper (News Report Form) or on regular paper, write a news story about finding an ancient artifact.
  • Composition: Choose a topic from page 22, 44 or 71, ATU
  • Craft: Make a clay pinch pot and a coil pot.
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.

Video Recommendations:

  • Pieces of the Past. Watch how sunken artifacts are traced, located and retrieved. Learn the importance of determining how ancient people lived. The legendary Atocha shipwreck is featured. From the Science in Action Video Series. Produced by Reunion Productions, Inc. Grades 3 to 7. Color. Copyright 1996. 18 minutes. Check your library or rent from Libraryvideo.com

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Going on a Dig (3 weeks):

Reading Suggestions:

  • Read The Archaeology Book, pages 46-59
  • Read pgs. 64-65 of DDLAP: Tools, Customs and Daily Schedule
  • Read pgs. 67-70 of DDLAP: Surveying and Digging
  • Read pgs. 72-73 of DDLAP: Stratigraphy and Field Notes

Internet Research and/or Activities:

Activities:

  • Highly recommended, but optional: GeoSafari Mayan Dig kit
  • Mapping the Ancient World Activity, page 32, ATU
  • Schedule Comparison Activity, page 66 & 128, DDLAP
  • Where Would You Dig and Why Activity, page 71 & 131, DDLAP
  • Squares Activity, page 66, ATU
  • A Site Map Activity, page 25, ATU
  • Plot the Artifacts, page 67, ATU
  • Field Notes from a Tel in Jordan Activity, page 74 & 132, DDLAP
  • Stratigraphy Activity and Explanation, page 74 & 133-134, DDLAP
  • Stratigraphy Activity, page 68, ATU
  • Into The Tomb Activity, page 38, ATU
  • Composition: Pretend you are on a dig. Write a letter to a friend or journal entry for a day that you discover an important find.
  • Composition: Choose a topic from page 22, 44 or 71, ATU
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.

Video Recommendations:

  • Archaeology: Revealing Our History: Becoming Americans Video Series  (2002). Behind-the-scenes look at an on-going archaeological excavation in Colonial Williamsburg. Grades 4-8. Check your library or purchase from APlusVideoRentals.com

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Interpreting Finds (3 weeks):

Reading Suggestions:

Internet Research and/or Activities:

Activities:

  • Audio CD: The Hunt for Beowulf. Bible based adventure of two kids and their paleontologist dad!
  • Ancient and Modern Activity, page 84 and 135, DDLAP
  • Research dating methods, how they work and what they are used on. Write a composition on some aspect of this topic.
  • Dating Artifacts Activity, page 37, ATU
  • Reconstructing a Pot Activity, page 90 & 136, DDLAP or do the following:
  • Archaeological Dig Fun: Decorate several clay pots with paint or markers. Try to make them look like "period" pieces. Place pots in a bag and gently hit with a hammer to break into large pieces. Mix up the pieces and let your children put these "artifacts" back together with glue. If you have a sandbox, bury them in the sand and let your children "excavate" them first.
  • Minoans Vs. Mycenaeans Activity, page 39, ATU
  • Reading a Label Activity, page 64, ATU
  • Composition. Using blank thematic paper (Famous Person Report Form) or on regular paper, write a biography of one of the Archaeologists above.
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.

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Underwater and Space-Age Archaeology (1 week):

Reading Suggestions:

Internet Research and/or Activities:

Activities:

  • Research a shipwreck such as the Titanic or Mary Rose. Write a composition about the excavation.
  • Underwater Archaeology Activity, page 24, ATU
  • Composition: Write an explanation of how imaging radar works.
  • Composition: Choose a topic from page 22, 44 or 71, ATU
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.
  • Prepare some ancient recipes. Use the Food Timeline to find more.

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Careers in Archaeology (2 weeks):

Reading Suggestions:

  • Read The Archaeology Book, pages 36-45.
  • Read pgs. 13- 16 of DDLAP: Who's Who (Forensic Archaeologist, Paleobotanist, Paleographer, Numismatist, Ceramic Technologist, Dendrochronologist
  • Read pgs. 91-96 of DDLAP: Famous finds, Mysteries, and Questions (Famous Archaeologists)
  • Read pgs. 98-99 of DDLAP: Hands-On Approach to Archaeology (Models)

Internet Research and/or Activities:

  • Watch this YouTube Video:

 

Link to video:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CdzmH3jNkU0

Activities:

  • Who's Who Activity, page 16 & 112, DDLAP
  • Specialist Report , page 16 & 113, DDLAP
  • Dig Experts Activity, page 28, ATU
  • Research & Early Archaeologists Activity, page 42, ATU
  • Pioneer Archaeologists, page 69, ATU
  • Composition: Pick a famous archaeologist and write a biography about him or her.
  • Composition: Write a report about one thing that interested you most from studying this archaeology unit.
  • Composition: Write about the day in the life an an archaeologist.
  • Art/Craft: Create a model of a famous archaeological site.
  • Eat an Ancient Meal Activity, page 100 & 137, DDLAP
  • Dress Like a Greek, Roman or Egyptian, page 101 & 138, DDLAP
  • Ancient Time Capsule Activity, page 102 & 139-140, DDLAP
  • Other activities as desired on pages 102-104, DDLAP
  • Reading a Coin Activity (oral), page. 17, ATU
  • Play Seven Wonders Search. (3rd+)
  • Add terminology to your Dictionary of Terms. See The Checklist, page 22-23.

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Review (1-2 weeks):

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Copyright © 2004 - by Cindy Downes